In view of the various queries asked about Down Syndrome and COVID 19, (Disease caused by Corona virus SARS – CoV-2) the following information is being provided by the Down Syndrome Trust (DoST) which will be updated in subsequent days.
There is no evidence or data on how people with Down syndrome are affected by Corona Virus Disease as against the general population. Certain groups of people as noted below are categorized as “high risk” in terms of how Covid 19 affects the health:
a) Older adults
b) People who have serious/chronic medical conditions like heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, obesity, lung disease, breathing difficulty etc.
Persons with Down syndrome may be included in the “high risk” group as many do have recurrent infections and chronic diseases. Moreover research shows that they are more likely to develop complications due to respiratory viral infections like influenza, with increased rates of hospitalization.
In view of the above the same precautions as that of persons with “high risk” should be applied here.
- Stay at home as far as possible. Keep away from people who are sick.
- Avoid all non-essential travel.
- Wash hands frequently with soap and water at least for 20 seconds in the recommended way. If soap and water is not available use a hand sanitizers that contains at least 60% alcohol.
- Avoid touching, to the extend possible; door handles, hand rails, elevator/lift buttons etc in public places. Wash hands after touching surfaces in public places
- Practice social distancing by keeping yourself away from people. Keep at least 1 metre distance from others when you move about.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, mouth and face as far as possible.
- Avoid contact with persons who have come from abroad in the last 14 days or those who have been in close contact with persons who have come from abroad in the last 14 days, irrespective of whether they are sick or not, as they could be asymptomatic carriers.
If you have an illness: (like fever, cough, cold, itchy throat, chills, etc.)
- Avoid close contact with others and stay at home,
- Do not share your belongings with others even in the family till you are better.
- Always cover your mouth and nose while sneezing or coughing with a towel or kerchief and in the absence of these, use the inside of your elbow.
- Practice handwashing as before and social distancing
- A mask may be used to prevent others from getting your illness.
- Notify the recommended authorities if you have any symptom like tightness of chest, breathlessness, drowsiness/excessive tiredness or bluish discolouration of lips.
Issued in Public interest by THE DOWN SYNDROME TRUST (DoST)
& BABY MEMORIAL HOSPITAL
18th March 2020